Marbling is the embrace, fusion, and dance of colors on a concentrated liquid with unlimited changes. What makes marbling art mysterious for centuries and pushes the artist to overcome all the secrets and chaos of the world infront of the marbling boat is that this art is a fluid, always dynamic, changeable art of paper painting that gives the opportunity to try infinite techniques that transcend itself. Ebru, used in gilding and calligraphy, book pages, murakka edges, covers, is also considered and exhibited as a work of art in itself today.
It is absolutely impossible to say since when the art of Ebru, which is one of the most important arts of Central Asian Art and paper decoration, has been known. Such a document has not survived. Even in old dated book bindings, we see marbling as the side paper (the paper that connects the cover and the book). It is also possible to see marbling papers affixed to the moldings around the inscriptions inside an old murakka. However, even if the date these works were written is known, it is not considered a document about marbling for us. Such old manuscripts have been repaired and renewed several times. The oldest marbling paper is a Malik-i Daylami writing belonging to the year 1554. Since the writing is written on light marbling, the history of marbling paper has been learned from the date of writing.
Marbling Art is named as Turkish Paper or Turkish Marble paper in the west. Europeans call marbling paper marble paper. Color clusters resembling cloud occur on the marbling paper. Therefore, the word Ebri, which means cloudy, like a cloud, was used. Famous marblers known in our history are Hatib Mehmet Efendi, Şeyh Sadık Efendi, Hezarfen Edhem Efendi and Necmeddin Okyay.
Ebru Art, which belongs to ancient times and dates back to the Ottoman period, among the many branches of art has come to the present day by progressing in a master-apprentice relationship. Ebru art was an art that was mostly used for the decoration of the covers and inside of hardcover books in the Ottoman period. Ebru art is a paper art made with water and paint.
In the art of Ebru, paints that take shape in a person’s hands integrate with that person’s talent and imagination. The colors give the appearance of dancing in a certain harmony.
How Is Marbling Art Made?
Dough paper with matte and absorbent properties,
Adhesive called tragacanth, boat (prepared by putting tragacanth inside),
Dyes (oxide yellow, oxide red, oxide black, lahur indigo blue are the most used colors.)
Gall; It is used to fix the colors by adhering to the tragacanth.
Awl; It is the material used to shape marbling.
Tragacanth is put into the boat and added until it reaches the proper consistency. The liquid formed is filtered through a thin cheesecloth and cleaned. Earth dyes in different colors are crushed to ensure a suitable situation. By putting cattle gall to the dyes prepared in this way; the mixture is rested for 15 days. After the soaking process is completed, it is made ready by diluting. Paint is dripped onto the water with the help of a brush carefully. After giving shape, the paper is put on the boat and the process is completed when the shape is shown on the paper. It is important to do it carefully, as it is done in one go.