Kula houses are wooden houses that we come across in almost every region in the Ottoman Empire in the 18th century and are called TURKISH HOUSE. They are successful examples of Ottoman Art in this period with their plan, establishment and rich systems such as wood, plaster and pencil work. Kula has a typical Ottoman urban texture with the building type that continues in the 19th century.
Historical Kula houses are usually two-storey and they are made of wood. The upper floors protrude towards the street, and roofs covered with tiles end with eaves. There are decorations at the bottom of these eaves. The windows have wooden shutters, the interior part is integrated with the courtyard or garden and is in harmony with the daily life style.
The historical Kula Houses were built with adobe filled ground floor, usually stone, and the carrier system wood construction technique. The lower floors usually have no or few windows. There are head and mansion rooms in the houses. These rooms have wood-embroidered hoods. Ceilings must be embroidered.
Tere is a courtyard in all Kula Houses. The courtyard is at least 3 m. It is surrounded by a high wall. In the examples from the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century, entrance to the house is mostly through a double-wing wooden door in the courtyard. Kula Houses usually have two-storey. On the ground floor, there are spaces such as barn, cellar and kitchen. The earth oven and toilet are mostly in one corner of the courtyard. In houses with anterooms, the toilet is taken into the house. On the upper floor, which determines the plan type of the house, there are sitting areas where daily life takes place.
In houses with open halls, one side of the upper floor usually faces the street, and one facade overlooks the courtyard. The side facing the courtyard is open in some houses and closed in others. One or two of the rooms on the upper floor are the main rooms. These are more elaborately decorated and are usually on the street side. There are no rooms arranged for various purposes in Turkish houses. Each room caters to eating, sitting and similar actions. The rooms in Kula houses were used in various ways. However, the head room is usually reserved for guests. The rooms have all the features of the Turkish House rooms. The examples from the 18th century and the first half of the 19th century are generally divided into two sections as above the terrace and below the terrace, as seen in Turkish houses in other centers. This distinction is indicated by both the difference in elevation and arches. The rooms in Kula Houses receive plenty of light thanks to the windows opening to the veranda and the street. The windows that open to veranda are generally 3 in number.
Kula Houses are organized according to the large family structure and the women who spent most of the life at home. Daily life is in the courtyard, garden and veranda in summer; Winters are spent on the middle floor or the second floor. Vegetables and fruits are grown in the garden. Cupboards according to their functions is known by names such as jug, napkin, lamp, lazy hole. On the sides of the cupboards on the bottom of the terrace, there are decorated wooden holes in which there are oil lamps called pores and such items. Some of the cabinets extend to the ceiling. Some of them are in the form of a mezzanine with an upper railing.
Kula is a monumental city that has survived to the present day for various reasons. The protection of Kula is of great importance in terms of urban life and cultural continuity. Preserving the “Historical Kula” urban texture has become a necessity among the people of Kula, who have lived in that area for years and continue their traditional life.
Kula is actually a settlement inside the castle. Because the names used even today (Demircikapı, Seferkapı) confirm this belief. Although the castle ruins are not visible for this day, the existence of the castle is clear. Therefore, the tissue is very compact. That te streets are narrow enough that only a pack animal can pass, the houses are located in rows on the side of the street, there are no squares, etc., and there are settlements that do not comply with the health conditions creats a characteristic castle interior texture. The bending and breaking of the streets after a maximum of 100 meters has created the organic texture. In Kula, the houses look like a tight texture, intertwined. Even the roofs of the houses covered the streets. Life in Kula is directly related to the street. Every house has a window that sees the street. In addition, the existence of the garden should not be overlooked. The city continued its maximum expansion inside and outside the castle until the 17th century.