The sacred Phrygian Hierapolis, one of the ancient cities of the Aegean, entered the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.
It is accepted that it was named after Hiera, the wife of Telephos, the legendary founder of Bergama. The city was affiliated to the Asian Province of the Roman Empire and governed by proconsuls in 129 B.C. Hierapolis, which lived its heyday between 96 and 162 A.D. was included in the Phrygian Pakatian in the 3rd century.
Hierapolis, which played one of the most important roles in the spread of Christianity in Anatolia, is also the city where Saint Philippus, one of the twelve apostles of the Prophet Jesus, was killed. For this reason, it was declared a religious center in the 4th century AD in his memory, then took the title of the Guide of the East and passed to the Eastern Roman Empire in AD 395 and became the bishopric center.
In Hierapolis which means “Sacred City”, in Pamukkale, the necropolis, Domitian Gate, the theater where many mythological scenes are represented, Frontinus Street, agora, North Byzantine Gate, gymnasium, triton fountain building, Apollon Sanctuary , water channels and nympheums, walls, St. Philippus Martyrium and Bridge, Direkli Church, cathedral and Roman Bath ruins can be seen.
Between 2010 and 2013, as a result of the excavations carried out in the Church of St. Philippus, the tomb of St. Philip was found. In addition, Plutonium (Hell’s Gate) was discovered in the south of the Apollon Sanctuary. Pamukkale travertines, a natural wonder formed by the precipitation of calcium in thermal water throughout history, are 2700 meters long and 160 meters high. Therefore, it is possible to see Pamukkale with its bright white color from 20 kilometers away. There are five hot springs in Pamukkale with temperatures reaching 35-36 ° C.