1- Considered among the oldest towers in the world and one of the symbols of Istanbul, Galata Tower was included in the UNESCO World Heritage Tentative List in 2013. Galata Tower, one of the most important structures that make up the silhouette of Istanbul, was used as a long-term fire watchtower and was named Galata Fire Tower.
2- In the seventeenth century, after Hezarfen Ahmet Çelebi completed his flight in Üsküdar, which he performed by tying wooden wings to his back from the Galata Tower, where he made flight trials, the interest in the tower gradually increased.
3- Who Built the Galata Tower?
Galata Tower was first built by the Byzantine Emperor Justinianos in 507-508 AD. The Genoese rebuilt the current tower in 1348-49. The tower was made higher between 1445 and 46 years. It was damaged by an earthquake in the 1500s and was repaired by Architect Murad bin Hayreddin. After the tower is repaired during the III. Selim period, a bay window is added to the upper floor of the tower. In 1831, the tower suffered another fire, II. Mahmut rises two more floors above the tower and the top of the tower is covered with the famous cone-shaped roof cover. The building was last repaired in 1967.
4- Architecture of Galata Tower
Galata Tower was built in the masonry rubble stone system. The exterior is stone mesh. As it was built during II. Mahmut period, the 16-line eulogy in the entrance inscription is thought to have been written in his name.
5- The round arched window above the door was the lookout for the soldiers. It is a nine-story building after the high ground floor. The windows on the cylindrical body are brick-knit circular arches. The development of the last two floors just below the cone roof is emphasized by the profiled moldings surrounding the cylindrical body. There is a observation balcony with metal ornamented network that surrounds the floor under the cone roof. On the ground floor, there are round arches sitting on deep niche piers and brick-knit circular arched windows.
6- Today, it is observed that the part of the building up to the third floor has a Genoese character and the other floors have an Ottoman character. The building is used today for social and cultural activities.