Topkapi Palace is the residence of the Ottoman Sultans and the administrative and educational center of the state. In the palace, which was built by Istanbul conqueror Sultan II. Mehmed between 1460-1478 and where some additions were made over time, the Ottoman sultans and the people of the Palace resided until the mid-19th century. Topkapı Palace was transformed into a museum on April 3, 1924 by order of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, after the Ottoman monarchy was abolished in 1922.
2- Fatih Sultan Mehmet and Topkapi Palace
After the conquest, Fatih Sultan Mehmed had a palace built in Beyazıt where today’s Istanbul University is located, which will later be called the “Old Palace”. After this first palace, Fatih had the Tiled Pavilion built first, and then the Topkapı Palace, where he would settle when the construction was completed. Fatih gave this palace the name “Saray-ı Cedid”, which means “New Palace” in Ottoman Turkish. The new Palace was called Topkapı Palace as follows: When the large wooden seaside palace built by Sultan Mahmud I near the Byzantine walls and called “Topkapusu Beach Palace” due to the salute balls in front of it, was completely destroyed in a fire, the name of this palace was given to the new palace.
3- Topkapi Palace Architecture
The Ottoman state philosophy and Palace-subject relations played a major role in determining the plan of Topkapı Palace, which developed and grew for centuries. In addition, when Topkapı was first built Sultan II. Murad, the father of Fatih Sultan Mehmed, is known to be inspired by the magnificence as well as the plan of the Edirne Palace, which was built by the Tunca River and only the remains of which have survived.
Topkapi Palace is a modest palace; The great spending of the empire was made mostly for magnificent mosques, barracks, bridges, caravanserais and accommodation facilities. Even the famous architect of the 16th century, Mimar Sinan, built only one section in this palace. However, the unique buildings of the palace, exquisite tiles and nature intertwined with nature, as well as its location in Sarayburnu give it a natural beauty and splendor.
4- Topkapi Palace Parts
Plan of Topkapı Palace consists of apartments reserved for government affairs between various courtyards and gardens, buildings and mansions that are the residence of the ruler, and buildings for officials living in the palace. Built on the Byzantine acropolis in Sarayburnu at the end of the Istanbul peninsula, between the Marmara Sea, the Bosphorus and the Golden Horn, the palace was surrounded by land with 1400-meter-long high walls called “Sur-ı Sultani” and by the sea by Byzantine walls. The area covered by the palace is approximately 700 thousand square meters.
Alay Square, Hagia Eirene, Bâb-ü’s Selâm, Bâb-ı Hümâyun, Divan Square, Kubbealtı (Divan-ı Hümayun), Justice Palace, Foreign Treasury, Zülüflü Baltacılar Quarry, Has Stables, Beşir Ağa Mosque and Bath, Palace Kitchens, Babüssaade Sukhum Castle Inscription, Enderun Courtyard, Supply Room, III. Ahmed Library (Enderun Library), Fatih Mansion (Enderun Treasure), Treasury Ward, Has Room and Sacred Relics Office, Ağalar Mosque, Cellar Ward, Birdhouse and Harem Gate, Has Room Ward / Sultan Portraits, Fourth Courtyard, Circumcision Room, Revan Mansion Baghdad Pavilion, Iftariye Bower (Moonlight), Sofa Mansion, Sofa Mosque, Mecidiye Pavilion, Hekimbaşı Room / Head Lala Tower, Esvap Room, Harem, Dome with Cabinet / Harem Treasury / Haremeyn Lodge, Sofa with Fountain, Kara Aghas Mosque, Kara Aghas and Kara Ağalar Taşlığı, Cümle Kapısı, Valide Taşlığı, Kadın Efendi Flats, Valide Sultan Office, Hünkar and Valide Sultan Baths, Hünkar Sofası, III. Murad Special Room, I. Ahmed Special Room, Fruit Room / III. Ahmed Has Room, Double Pavilions / Veliahd’s Office, Altınyol, Concubines and Ladies Stony , Gözdelar and Mabeyn Stony , Cars Gate / Girls Gate, Guard Place and Concubine Corridor are among the sections of this magnificent building.
5- What Are the Collections in Topkapı Palace Museum?
Topkapı Palace’s extraordinarily rich collections and its history, which is knitted with extremely interesting stories, make this palace one of the most spectacular palaces in the world. The Imperial Treasury, European Porcelains and Glass, Copper and Tombak Kitchenware, Chinese and Japanese Porcelains, Silvers, Cardigan-i Saadet Office and Sacred Relics, Istanbul Glass and Porcelain, Sultan’s Dresses, Sultan’s portraits and painting collection, Weapons and Spoonmaker’s Diamond are among the valuable collections exhibited in the museum.